The California State Senate voted on Tuesday to pass a bill that would make it much more difficult for companies like Uber and Lyft to classify workers as independent contractors rather than employees.
The bill, known as AB5, has garnered national attention, largely owing to the size of California’s workforce. Several Democratic presidential candidates have supported the measure, including U.S. Sens. Elizabeth Warren (D-MA), Bernie Sanders (I-VT) and Kamala Harris (D-CA).
It has also come under sharp criticism by trade groups and so-called “gig economy” firms that rely heavily on contractors.
“We are fully prepared to take this issue to the voters of California to preserve the freedom and access drivers and riders want and need,” Lyft said in a statement.
Uber did not immediately respond to a request for comment after U.S. market hours.
Gig economy companies, whose business models are dependent the use of contractors, have been among the most vocal critics of AB5.
Last week, Uber and Lyft proposed a ballot referendum that could be presented to California voters next year and would exempt drivers for ride-hailing services from the scope of the bill.
Uber, Lyft and delivery firm DoorDash, which has also made freelance drivers the backbone of its business, earmarked $90 million for a planned November 2020 ballot initiative that would exempt them from the law.
San Francisco–based DoorDash, expressing its disappointment at the vote, said it was committed to a new law that would guarantee benefits and protections, including a minimum wage, for its delivery drivers.
AB5, which was sponsored by California Assemblywoman Lorena Gonzalez and is supported by California Governor Gavin Newsom, passed the state senate with 29 votes in favor and 11 votes against it.
“By approving AB5, the California legislature solidified our state’s position as the national leader on workplace rights, setting the standard for the rest of the country to follow,” the California Labor Federation said in a statement.
The bill goes back to the Assembly for a final vote, known as a “concurrence vote” and then it moves on to Gov. Newsom, according to a staffer for Gonzales.
California is the nation’s most populous state and it is a leader in establishing policies that are adopted by other states.
“People ought to be very concerned because what happens here does tend to get copied in other states,” said Joseph Rajkovacz, director of governmental affairs for the Western States Trucking Association, citing California’s leadership in setting stricter vehicle pollution standards.
The bill would codify a 2018 California Supreme Court decision, Dynamex Operations West Inc v. Superior Court, that set out a new standard for determining whether workers are properly classified as independent contractors.
The court said workers are a company’s employees under state wage laws when the company exercises control over their work, or they are integral to its business.
Saturday, Feb. 22 vs. Duquesne at 2:00 p.m. Tuesday, Feb. 25 @ George Mason at 7:00 p.m.
Both games will stream live on FOX Sports GO No. 5 ranked University of Dayton men’s basketball will be on FOX Sports Ohio. The network is pleased to air the next two Flyers’ games:
Saturday, February 22 vs. Duquesne at 2 p.m.
Tuesday, February 25 @ George Mason at 7 p.m.
The Flyers (24-2, 13-0 Atlantic 10) earned their 15th consecutive victory over VCU last night as Dwayne Cohill and Jalen Crutcher each made two free throws in the closing seconds, hanging on to beat the Rams 66-61.
Dayton forward Obi Toppin, who is on five national player of the year watch lists, is averaging 19.4 points per game.
UD ranks 5th in this week’s NCAA rankings. The last season the Flyers were ranked in the top 10 (as high as No. 6) was the 1966-67 season, when UD made an unlikely run to the NCAA championship game before losing to UCLA.
The games on FOX Sports Ohio will also stream on FOX Sports GO.
The Asian Football Confederation said Friday that China’s scheduled home match against South Korea in the final round of qualifying for the Tokyo Olympics will be held in Sydney due to concern over the China virus.
The Chinese women’s team has remained in Australia since last week’s 1-1 draw with Australia which meant China would play South Korea in a two-match contest.
The 2020 Olympic Games are almost here. Here are some new events you can expect to see at the Tokyo games.
China and South Korea will first meet in Yongin, near Seoul, on March 6, followed by a March 11 match in western Sydney.
Australia’s two playoff matches against Vietnam will take place on the same dates, with the team’s home leg set for McDonald Jones Stadium in Newcastle north of Sydney.
Confirmed Coronavirus Cases
The winners of the semifinals will advance to the Tokyo Games along with hosts Japan.
A viral outbreak that began in China has infected more than 76,000 people globally. The World Health Organization has named the illness COVID-19, referring to its origin late last year and the coronavirus that causes it. More than 2,200 have died.
The fox squirrel, one of Kentucky’s two native species, is abundant in the park-like savannas of the state’s interior. (Photo by Gary Eslinger, US Fish and Wildlife Service)
Hunting squirrels for food and sport is a tradition deeply embedded in Kentucky’s hunting culture.
In early Kentucky, squirrels were present in our woodlands in startling numbers.
Dave Baker, editor of Kentucky Afield magazine, recounted an amazing observation of squirrel abundance in an article he wrote, quoting from the memoirs of naturalist John James Audubon.
Art Lander Jr. is outdoors editor for KyForward. He is a native Kentuckian, a graduate of Western Kentucky University and a life-long hunter, angler, gardener and nature enthusiast. He has worked as a newspaper columnist, magazine journalist and author and is a former staff writer for Kentucky Afield Magazine, editor of the annual Kentucky Hunting & Trapping Guide and Kentucky Spring Hunting Guide, and co-writer of the Kentucky Afield Outdoors newspaper column.
In the article, Baker wrote that “in 1819, Audubon was on a flatboat floating down the Ohio River when he began seeing thousands of squirrels (jumping) into the water and swimming across the river into Kentucky, (first) near the present-day town of Milton, in Trimble County. The waves of squirrels continued (off and on) for some 300 miles, until the flatboat was nearly to Smithland,” at the confluence of the Cumberland River.
“The boys, along the shores and in boats were killing the squirrels with clubs in great numbers, although most of them got safe across,” wrote Audubon.
Biologists today still debate the reasons for these migrations, huge en masse movements of squirrels from their home territories, a phenomenon that hasn’t occurred often during modern times.
Early Kentucky’s diverse, high-quality forests were ideal habitat for the state’s two natives species of squirrels.
The gray squirrel thrived in the old-growth forests that covered about 90 percent of the state’s more than 40,000 square miles. The fox squirrel was most abundant in the rolling land of the interior, where park-like savannas stretched for miles, with clusters of huge burr oaks, walnut, hickory and blue ash trees interspersed by grasslands and stands of river cane.
In the 19th-century big game animals such as bison, elk, deer and wild turkeys began to disappear due to habitat loss and unrestricted subsistence hunting.
“With other game animals in short supply, squirrels became the primary source of wild meat,” wrote Baker.
Squirrel was often one of the main ingredients in the popular vegetable and meat stew known as burgoo, which was slow-cooked in a big iron pot, and served with cornbread at family or community gatherings in the region.
The Kentucky Rifle
A flintlock longrifle was commonly used for squirrel in the early days of hunting. (Photo by Art Lander Jr.)
The Kentucky Rifle, a sleek, long-barreled, highly accurate flintlock muzzleloader, was ideal for the eastern frontier, more than adequate for squirrels, and any other larger game that might be encountered. It was typically .40 to .45 caliber so less lead and powder was required, which meant that the rifle was inexpensive to shoot compared to larger calibers and more ammunition could be carried afield.
The Kentucky Rifle fired lead round balls, wrapped in a greased patch, that were slightly smaller in diameter than the rifle’s bore. A hickory ramrod was used to push the ball down the barrel and seat it onto the powder.
The hunter of that era carried the rifle’s accouterments in a leather shoulder bag, and black powder was secured in horns or brass flasks. Harvested squirrels were placed in another shoulder bag, usually made from cloth, which was the origin of the modern term “bag limit.”
Shooting squirrels with a flintlock rifle demands a high degree of accuracy, and crack shots sometimes showed off their shooting skills by engaging in friendly competitions for bragging rights.
John James Audubon (Photo from Wikipedia Commons)
In John James Audubon, The Naturalist, a memoir edited by his widow, and published in 1870, one entry detailed a hunt in Frankfort, Kentucky, in which the celebrated frontiersman Daniel Boone demonstrated the sport of “barking squirrels.”
Audubon wrote, “We walked out together, and followed the rocky margins of the Kentucky river until we reached a piece of flat land thickly covered with black walnuts, oaks, and hickories. As the mast was a good one that year, squirrels were seen gamboling on every tree around us.
My companion, a stout, hale, and athletic man, dressed in a homespun hunting shirt, bare-legged and (in) moccasins, carried along and heavy rifle, which, as he was loading it, he said had proved efficient in all his former undertakings, and which he hoped would not fail on this occasion, as he felt proud to show me his skill. The gun was wiped, the powder measured, the ball patched with six-hundred thread linen, and the charge sent home with a hickory rod.
We moved not a step from the place, for the squirrels were so numerous that it was unnecessary to go after them. Boone pointed to one of these animals which had observed us, and was crouched on a branch about fifty paces distant, and bade me mark well the spot where the ball should hit. He raised his piece gradually until the bead (that being the name given by the Kentuckians to the sight) of the barrel was brought to a line with the spot which he intended to hit, and fired.
Daniel Boone (Image from Wikipedia Commons)
I was astounded to find that the ball had hit the piece of the bark immediately beneath the squirrel, and shivered it to splinters; the concussion it produced killed the animal, and sent it whirling through the air as if it had been blown up.”
Squirrel Hunting in Kentucky Today
Squirrel populations aren’t nearly as high now as they were 200 years ago.
Deforestation, and the loss of the state’s majestic chestnut trees, which fell victim to a blight in the early 1900s, have been contributing factors.
But the outlook for squirrels and squirrel hunting in Kentucky is excellent, as 46 percent of the state, or about 12 million acres, is forested, according to the Kentucky Division of Forestry. A high percentage of Kentucky’s trees are mature, in which squirrels thrive, as older trees produce the most mast (nuts).
Squirrels remain a popular small game species and the fall/winter squirrel hunting season is the longest on Kentucky’s calendar of hunting seasons, 195 days long.
The 2019-2020 squirrel hunting season in Kentucky is split. It opened on August 17 and ran through November 8. Three days later the season re-opened on November 11, and will continue through February 29, 2020.
Late season is a good time to hunt squirrels.
In winter, the food that squirrels are looking for is mostly on the ground. Squirrels create a cache of nuts and seeds. They go back to the nuts they have buried or stashed in tree cavities.
A proven late-season hunting strategy is to walk a while, then sit awhile, and wait for squirrels to appear. Squirrels are noisy, barking and chattering, and chasing each other, as their second breeding season is about to commence.
Shots tend to be longer, and small-caliber muzzleloaders are ideal for bagging squirrels.
Squirrel harvest drops off in the late season in part because there are fewer hunters. Years of data from the Squirrel Hunter Cooperator Survey has found that hunter effort is greatest toward the beginning of the fall season and declines as the season progresses. Most years less than five percent of squirrel hunts are held in January and even less in February.
Hunters typically observe about half as many squirrels in the late season, compared to August and September.
Squirrel hunting with a flintlock long rifle takes hunters back to the roots of hunting in Kentucky. Hunting this scrappy game animal is celebrated and revered as a symbol of our proud frontier heritage and hunting culture.